|Department:||The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy|
|Full text PDF:||http://www.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/archiv/18801|
This thesis presents several lifetime measurements of b-flavoured hadrons at the LHCb experiment. They represent an important test of the theoretical approach to b-hadron observables known as HeavyQuark Expansion (HQE). This analysis uses data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1 fb-1 collected in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. For the decays B+ -> J/psi K+, B0 -> J/psi K*0, B0 -> J/psi K0S, Lambdab -> J/psi Lambda and B0s -> J/psi phi the lifetimes are measured to be tau(B+ -> J/psi K+) = 1.637 +- 0.004 +- 0.003 ps, tau(B0 -> J/psi K*0) = 1.524 +- 0.006 +- 0.004 ps, tau(B0 -> J/psi K0S) = 1.499 +- 0.013 +- 0.005 ps, tau(Lambdab -> J/psi Lambda) = 1.415 +- 0.027 +- 0.006 ps, tau(B0s -> J/psi phi) = 1.480 +- 0.011 +- 0.005 ps, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. These are the most precise lifetime measurements in these decay modes to date. Ratios of these lifetimes also are reported in this thesis, as they are well-defined quantities where many theoretical or experimental uncertainties cancel. The ratio of the decay width difference, Delta Gamma_d, to the average width, Gamma_d, in the B0 system is found to be Delta Gamma_d/ Gamma_d = - 0.044 +- 0.025 +- 0.011. Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1 collected at centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV, the measurements of the decay width difference, Delta Gamma_s, and the average width, Gamma_s, in the B0s system are performed. Using the decay B0s -> J/psi phi, they are measured to be Delta Gamma_s = 0.0805 +- 0.0091 +- 0.0033 ps-1, Gamma_s = 0.6603 +- 0.0027 +- 0.0015 ps-1. These are the most precise determinations of these observables ot date. All measurements are consistent with HQE predictions.