AbstractsPolitical Science

Two and a half state: Bosnia-Herzegovina the political gridlock

by Urban Ivar Folcker

Institution: Roskilde University
Year: 2015
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Political Gridlock
Record ID: 1120236
Full text PDF: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/20482


The essence of this project is to answer the hypothesis that the Bosnia-Herzegovinian state is unable to gain much political process because of a possible gridlock occurring in the legislative process in regards to lack of passed bills. Therefore, this project is to examine the Dayton peace agreement, which is the state’s constitution. Furthermore the project analyses the difficulties of a political system which is divided between three ethnic groups. In this analysis, the institution setup and how these political institutions collaborate is explained in order to understand the possible gridlock of the state, while the legitimacy of democracy of Bosnia-Herzegovina is questioned. These aspects are the essential areas to cover when explaining the lack of passed bills within the Bosnia-Herzegovinian state. The greatest issue of the state is the ethnic division where each ethnic group has their own interests of the state, which is experienced in every factor which has to do with the possible gridlock of the state. It is, therefore, to say that this ethnic division is the most essential factor in this project of why the Bosnia-Herzegovinian state experiences this lack of passed bills, because the ethnic division is included in all of the aforementioned areas which this project analyses.