Advancing from efficiency to sustainability in Swedish medium-sized cities: an approach for recommending powertrains and energy carriers for public bus transport systems

by Lisiana; Borén Nurhadi

Institution: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Year: 2014
Keywords: sustainability - general; electric bus; life cycle assessment; greenhouse gas emissions
Record ID: 1352423
Full text PDF: http://www.bth.se/fou/forskinfo.nsf/all/5ee2925e367c9962c1257c42005ca9d2?OpenDocument


European national, regional, and local authorities have started to take action to make public bus transport services more effective and less polluting. Some see the possibility to move beyond a narrow focus on efficiency or carbon dioxide reductions towards an integrated sustainability perspective. This paper uses this perspective to build and test a new assessment approach that should enhance decisions on bus transport powertrains and energy carriers for Swedish medium-sized cities. The study suggests that a superiority of electric powertrains is revealed if a traditional economic analysis is integrated with a strategic sustainability perspective.