|Institution:||Högskolan i Halmstad|
|Keywords:||Asian options; Monte Carlo method; Variance Reduction techniques; Control Variate; Financial Mathematics; Finansiell matematik; Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics; fysik/kemi/matematik|
|Full text PDF:||http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-1639|
Asian options are an important family of derivative contracts with a wide variety of applications in commodity, currency, energy, interest rate, equity and insurance markets. In this master's thesis, we investigate methods for evaluating the price of the Asian call options with a fixed strike. One of them is the Monte Carlo method. The accurancy of this method can be observed through variance of the price. We will see that the variance with using Monte Carlo method has to be decreased. The Variance Reduction technique is useful for this aim. We will give evidence of the efficiency of one of the Variance Reduction thechniques - Control Variate method - in a mathematical context and a numerical comparison with the ordinary Monte Carlo method.