|Institution:||University of Arizona|
|Keywords:||bedding plane irregularities; California; Cenozoic; current markings; current transport; Los Angeles Basin; Miocene; Neogene; paleocurrents; paleocurrent analysis; provenance; sedimentary petrology; sedimentary structures; sedimentation; sediments; stratigraphy; structure; Tertiary; United States; upper Miocene|
|Full text PDF:||http://hdl.handle.net/10150/244083|
Almost all sandstone beds occurring in the Upper Miocene formations at the Los Angeles basin were deposited by turbidity currents. Primary textures and structures indicative of turbidites occur in fair abundance throughout all three Upper Miocene formations. All accessible outcrops of the Puente, Modelo, and Upper Miocene portion of the Monterey and Capistrano Formations were scrutinized for sandstone beds containing primary sedimentary structures. Through study of these structures, the direction of current movement was determined. The pattern of current movement displayed reveals that sediment was being transported into the Los Angeles basin from all sides. Current directions and mineralogic studies indicate that essentially three source areas were supplying sediment into the basin. These source areas are 1) the San Gabriel Mountains, 2) an area to the east of the Santa Ana Mountains, and 3) a ridge of metamorphic rock paralleling the present coast line. The majority of sediment was derived from an area in the San Gabriel Mountains located northeast or the basin. This is evidenced by the fact that the thickness, grain size, and total sand content of the Upper Miocene units decrease southwestward across the basin.