|Department:||Counselor Education (Education)|
|Keywords:||Education, Guidance and Counseling; supervisor emphasis; supervisor years of experience; supervisor race|
|Full text PDF:||http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=ohiou1178821800|
The aim of the study is to examine associations between counselor supervisors’ race, years of experience and the focus of supervision. Supervisors’ focus on professional behavior skills, processing skills, conceptualization skills and personalization skills is examined to determine the relationship to race and years of experience. Participants were members of the American Counseling Association who registered as counselor supervisors. The Supervision Emphasis Rating Form-R (Lanning & Freeman, 1994) was used to assess supervisors’ focus in the supervisory dyad. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Analyses revealed: No significant differences between supervisors with zero to two years of experience, two to five years of experience, and over five years of experience when compared simultaneously on the emphasis of personalization skills, process skills, professional behavior skills and conceptualization skills. There were no significant differences between White supervisors and supervisors of color regarding emphasis on personalization skills, process skills, professional behavior skills and conceptualization skills. There were no interaction effects between race and supervisory experience on personalization skills, process skills, professional behavior skills and conceptualization skills. No significance was found regarding the interaction between race and years of experience were found. Findings were consistent with empirical research and counseling literature. Non-significant findings support the position that race alone may not be as important as race in combination with other multicultural variables. Theoretical and practical implications, limitations and directions for future research are discussed.