AbstractsBiology & Animal Science

Predation on Invasive Lionfish Varies with Their Size, among Habitats, and with Conditioning of Native Predators

by Jessica L Diller

Institution: University of Florida
Department: Interdisciplinary Ecology
Year: 2014
Keywords: conditioning  – invasions  – lionfish  – predation  – resistance; Interdisciplinary Ecology
Record ID: 2030644
Full text PDF: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UFE0046794


Invasive species often exacerbate global and local stresses on ecosystems, with invaders commonly experiencing a release from enemies, including diseases and predators. Release from predation helps explain the lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) invasion of the western Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. However, the extent of biological control exerted by native predators is a topic of debate centered on interpretation of spatial distributions of lionfish and predators. In many places, control of lionfish relies on people acting as predators via culls. In some cases, the resulting dead or injured lionfish are eaten by sharks and groupers, which may condition these naive, native predators. This study complements existing field surveys by assessing the potential for predation on invasive lionfish at Little Cayman Island, BWI with tethering experiments. We tethered 132 live lionfish (52-220 mm total length) in three different habitats: seagrass beds, rarely culled reefs, and intensely culled reefs. Binary logistic regression indicated that the potential for predation increased slightly (1.02X), but significantly with 1 mm increases in total length. In addition, lionfish tethered on intensely culled reefs were 30X and 14X more likely to be taken by piscivores than fish tethered in seagrass or on rarely culled reefs. Overall, results suggested that native predators were capable of consuming healthy, tethered lionfish off Little Cayman Island and the naivete of native predators was overcome by conditioning. Of course, conditioning designed to increase predation on lionfish, augment culling and help control the invasion must be implemented without endangering people.