|Institution:||University of Arizona|
|Department:||The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix|
|Keywords:||End of Life Care; Attending Physicians; Residents; Longitudinal Assessment|
|Full text PDF:||http://hdl.handle.net/10150/550116|
End‐of‐life (EOL) care and decision‐making in pediatrics is a challenging and complex aspect of patient care experienced by residents and physician attendings. Previous studies have evaluated determinants that contribute to physicians’ attitudes towards EOL care as well as preparedness of students and residents in EOL decision‐making. However, the determinants contributing to a physician’s ability to make such decisions and feel confident in addressing EOL issues are dynamic. Recognizing that decision‐making changes over time, identifying when these changes occur may demonstrate the need for educational interventions for medical students and residents early in their career to help prepare them for EOL decision‐making. A longitudinal assessment of changes in attitudes and knowledge of EOL discussions and how they impact EOL decision‐making was not previously evaluated. This preliminary study establishes a baseline for medical student, resident, and attendings for EOL decision‐making and those factors that contribute to their decisions. This preliminary data has demonstrated a difference amongst attendings compared to residents and students. Despite low probability of survival, residents and students are more likely to select more aggressive management options when compared to attendings. Data obtained after completion of future surveys will show when decision‐making changes, which factors contribute to these changes and their significance in making decisions, and when participants are comfortable addressing EOL care.