|Keywords:||Africa; Dyadic conflict; Consociational theory; transnational ethnic kin; Tuareg; Mali; Niger; Social Sciences; Political Science; Samhällsvetenskap; Statsvetenskap; Politices kandidatprogram; Bachelor Programme in Political Science; Political Science; Statsvetenskap|
|Full text PDF:||http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295394|
The theory of dyadic intrastate conflict cause and resolution containing transnational ethnic kin is under development. One of the things current research share is the focus on the cases where conflict erupts, or where conflict resolution fails, and its causes. The aim of this study is to try to contribute and develop the generalizing theory. The focus on the study rests on the impact that state apparatus characteristic has on risk for conflict. The research builds on theoretical framework from the consociational theory. The subject is of relevance both for the field of peace and conflict research as theory development, and for policy makers. The study has resulted in two observations. First, it supports the claim of consociational theory that enhanced presence of its nine favorable factors diminishes the risk for intrastate tension and violence. Second, it proposes that a successful decentralization is the possible key explanatory characteristic of state apparatus that decreases risk for dyadic intrastate conflict. The causal mechanism here being heightened credibility and legitimacy of constitution because of increased trust and lowered fear of further ethnic discrimination. It is necessary to verify these results before further theory development can be done.