AbstractsBusiness Management & Administration

Application of the contingency approach to the Guatemalan Civil War

by Jonathan Otto

Institution: Roskilde University
Year: 2015
Keywords: Conflict Management; Mediation; Intrastate wars; Bias and neutrality; Guatemala; Human rights
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2094235
Full text PDF: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/24420


This research will analyze the extent to which inclination of mediators has had implications in the mediation process surrounding the Guatemalan Civil War. An operationalization of relevant concepts within international mediation constructs the ground for an understanding of the field of study. The contingency approach is applied to the case as a theoretical framework producing a step-by-step analysis. Monsignor Toruño is perceived, as an “insider-partial” mediator and has been crucial with regards to creating a successful negotiation environment. His innovative mediation approach established the first talks and assembled the parties and the Guatemalan civil society. Jean Arnault is perceived, as an “outsider-neutral” and was successful in reaching concrete agreements, regenerating the mediation process. Arnault’s leverage with regards to his rank and establishment in the United Nations made him successful in pressuring the parties to agree on a Firm and Lasting Peace. Advisors/Committee Members: Pace, Michelle (advisor).