Metal oxide nanostructures and their applications

by Ghulam Nabi Dar

Institution: University of Patras
Year: 2015
Keywords: Metal oxides; Nanostructures; Zinc oxide; Silver doped ZnO; Cerium doped ZnO; Indium doped ZnO; Iron oxide; Chemical sensors; Photovoltaic devices; Photocatalyst; 620.16; Οξείδια μετάλλων; Νανοδομές; Οξείδιο του ψευδαργύρου; Οξείδιο του σιδήρου; Χημικοί αισθητήρες; Φωτοβολταϊκά; Φωτοκατάλυση
Record ID: 1152956
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10889/8553


Recently, researchers on nanoparticles and nanostructures has received a great deal of attention not only in the area of synthesis and characterization but also in their potential application in various high-technological applications. Nanomaterials are widely used not only for environmental and biological applications but also for electronic and sensing applications. Among various classes of nanomaterials, the metal oxide nanostructures possess particular important because of their significant physical and chemical properties which allowed them to be used for the fabrication of highly efficient nanodevices. The metal oxide nanomaterials are widely used for catalysis, sensing, and electronic devices, and so on. Due to the high-efficient applications, researchers have developed several synthesis strategies to prepare metal oxide nanostructures with tailored geometry and utilize them for a variety of applications. However, it is still desirable to prepare metal oxide nanomaterials with environment-friendly precursors and processes with varied size and morphology for their effective utilization in specific applications. This thesis focuses on the synthesis, characterizations and specific applications of two undoped and doped metal oxide nanostructures, i.e. zinc oxide (ZnO) and iron oxide (α-Fe2O3). The thesis highlights the development of novel synthesis techniques/procedures which are rapid, consume less energy and time, and are less cumbersome, more economical, especially because of the low temperature process. The other aspect of the thesis is to use the as-synthesized nanomaterials for several important applications such as sensors, photovoltaic, and photocatalysis. The thesis is divided into several chapters. Chapter 1 starts with a brief introduction of the metal oxide nanostructures and their various synthetic methods. In addition to this, a short review on the targeted applications, i.e. sensing, photovoltaic and photocatalytic, of this thesis was also discussed in this chapter. Finally, the chapter describes the objective and importance of the thesis. Chapter 2 deals with the details of the synthesis and characterization techniques used in this thesis. Two specific techniques, i.e. hydrothermal and thermal evaporation, have been used for the synthesis of various undoped and doped nanomaterials explored in this thesis. The synthesized nanomaterials were examined by variety of techniques in terms of the morphological, structural, optical, compositional and electrical properties. Moreover the prepared nanomaterials together were used for various applications such as sensing, photovoltaic and photocatalytic applications. In a word, this chapter provides all the detailed procedures for the synthesis, characterizations and applications of targeted nanomaterials in this thesis. Chapter 3 describes the main results and discussion of the thesis. This chapter is divided into several sections and each section describes the synthesis, detailed characterizations and particular application of a single metal oxide…