AbstractsMedical & Health Science

Treatment outcomes for multidrug resistant tuberculosis patients under DOTS-Plus : a systematic review

by Shuo Feng




Institution: University of Hong Kong
Department:
Degree: MPH
Year: 2013
Keywords: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis - Treatment
Record ID: 1156687
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10722/193773


Abstract

Objective The consistent emerging of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases are increasingly becoming a major threat and challenge in global TB control, especially in some resource-limited settings like India, China, South Africa. Currently there is no widely acknowledged treatment strategy for MDR-TB. Effectiveness and of current DOTS-Plus strategy is remaining controversial. This systematic review aims to investigate treatment outcomes for MDR-TB under DOTS-Plus and potential factors associated with poor outcome (death, default and failure). Methodology The literatures were searched in Pubmed, Medline, the Cochrane library, Essential Evidence Plus, EMBASE and CNKI. Some manual search articles were also added and 164 literatures in total were founded related to treatment outcomes for multidrug resistant patients under DOTS-Plus. After basically screening and carefully full-text reading, nine studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included. A total of 3358 participants from 8 high MDR-TB countries were investigated. Result Baseline characters were varied across these nine studies, including HIV prevalence (0-1.6%), MDR-TB prevalence (0-4.7%), previous treatment history (without TB treatment, with TB treatment but not under directly observed therapy, short courses (DOTS) and with TB treatment under DOTS), and male/female ratio (54%-86.5%). All studies reported a successful outcome rate (cure and complete) higher than 60 percent, and three of the studies reported higher than 70 percent, which are comparatively high in MDR-TB treatment. Factors associated with poor outcomes that reported by these studies were including alcohol use/ abuse, homelessness, unemployment, imprisonment, BMI, cavitary and bilateral disease, missing doses, and resistant to some second-line drugs. Conclusion In sum, the overall treatment outcomes from these nine studies under DOTS-Plus were acceptable, and most of them were satisfactory. Nevertheless, in consideration of potential bias arising from these cohort analyses, conclusions should be drawn carefully. Several major challenges restrict low- and middle- income countries from implementing DOTS-Plus, which put high command on TB infrastructure, policy commitment, human resources and financial support. Further effort could be put on systematical review and meta-analysis on cost-effectiveness of DOTS-Plus programs. In China, policy makers should pay attention to arrive at national and provincial guidelines of MDR-TB treatment under DOTS-Plus. published_or_final_version Public Health master's Master of Public Health