Settlement Patterns and Indigenous Agency in Te Tau Ihu, 1770-1860

by Moira Annette Jackson

Institution: University of Otago
Year: 0
Keywords: Indigenous; settlement pattern; Maori; Te Tau Ihu; Cook Strait; New Zealand; archaeological landscape; culture contact; GIS; Historical Maps & Charts; Maori Land Court Minutes; Treaty of Waitangi; Agency; Land tenure; Drivers of change; Historical archaeology; societal change
Record ID: 1298493
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10523/4861


Dynamic post-contact Maori settlement patterns in Te Tau Ihu o te Waka a Maui (the northern South Island) are used to investigate agency and the role of emergent nineteenth century European population on Maori landscape use. The study has shown that the settlement pattern changes observed in the 1770 to 1830 period were due mainly to agency and internal cultural drivers of change rather than by forces external to Aotearoa New Zealand. The conceptual framework is informed by social archaeological theory drawn from international culture contact studies. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to aid the analysis of temporal and spatial data derived from historical maps and charts augmented with archaeological, historical and ethnographic information.