AbstractsBiology & Animal Science

Angiogenic Factors in Oral Cancer

by Olive Florence Louise Allsobrook

Institution: University of Otago
Year: 0
Keywords: oral cancer; angiogenesis; VEGF; Vasohibin; squamous cell carcinoma
Record ID: 1306742
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5061


Angiogenesis is a key factor in normal development and in the development and progression of most malignancies, including oral cancer. It is also an integral component of some inflammatory hyperplastic lesions including those that occur in the oral regions such as pyogenic granulomas (PG). Physiological angiogenesis is controlled mostly by vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF)/VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) signalling, which promotes endothelial cell migration and proliferation, and blood vessel growth and by vasohibin 1 (VASH-1), an intrinsic inhibitor of angiogenesis. VEGFR2 is also known as kinase domain receptor (KDR) and this term will be used in this thesis. During pathological processes, the loss of angiogenic regulation can contribute to inflammatory hyperplasias and tumour progression. Aim: To investigate angiogenic regulation in hyperplastic vascular oral lesions and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods: Archival formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue from ten gingival PGs, ten cases of OSCC and five normal oral mucosal (NOM) specimens were analysed for angiogenic markers using standard immunohistochemistry techniques with the chromogen 3, 3’-diaminobenzidine (DAB). Anti-VEGF, anti-KDR and anti-VASH-1 antibodies identified angiogenic and anti-angiogenic activity in the tissues. Mean vessel density (MVD) was assessed using the endothelial cell marker anti-CD146 antibody. Blood vessels were counted using the anti-CD34 antibody as a marker of positive endothelial cells. Immuno-positivity was evaluated by light microscopy for qualitative analysis and five randomly chosen fields were photographed for semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis. VEGF was analysed semi-quantitatively at 200x magnification and the percentage of positive cells analysed using chi-squared statistics. VASH-1+, KDR+ and CD34+ were counted at 400x magnification while CD146+ and VEGF+ cells were counted at 200x magnification. These groups were analysed using a log transformation and oneway analysis of varience (ANOVA). Statistical significance for quantitative analyses was at the 5% level. Qualitative analysis of overall staining patterns was also undertaken. Gene expression analysis was performed on granulation tissue and cell lines from three OSCC and three normal epithelial cell lines. A quality control assay was run using a granulation tissue sample as a control for specificity and validity of the assays. Gene expression was analysed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), 7500 Fast System SDS software v.1.3.1, and SA Biosciences RT2 Profiler PCR Array Data Analysis v3.5 with a 5 % level of significance, significant fold change was >2. Results: All tissues were positive for endothelial cell and angiogenic and anti-angiogenic markers. Endothelial cells were positively identified in all tissues. VEGF was found in the stroma and the overlying epithelium, especially in the OSCC group. VASH-1 was positive in blood vessels in all tissues but also in some malignant…