This work contains a brief history of the four color problem from 1840 to 1890. This includes Kempe's attempted proof of the problem as well as maps which illustrate Heawood's discussion of Kempe's error. The remaining part is a discussion of Kempe's and Story's work on patching out maps. Story modified Kempe's original work to make the formulas more rigorous. Unfortunately, Story's work also relied upon Kempe's error and so is also in part incorrect.