|Institution:||Missouri University of Science and Technology|
|Full text PDF:||http://hdl.handle.net/10355/26082|
"The effect of firing on clays in relation to volume is either a shrinkage, bloating, or no change whatso-ever. The reason for the shrinkage and the constant volume is well known, but the cause of the bloating has not as yet been determined. In some instances, as the use of fire clay brick in steel ladles, this property of bloating is desirable to a certain extent because this packs the brick lining in the ladle tightly after the first heat is poured in, and prevents the brick lining from floating out when the metal is poured. There is little or no literature available on the causes of this bloating. Therefore this investigation was carried out to determine the causes of bloating" – Introduction, p. .