Power Distribution in 3-D Processor-Memory Stacks

by Suhas M. Satheesh

Institution: Stony Brook University
Year: 2012
Record ID: 1933559
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/1951/57605


Three primary techniques for manufacturing through silicon vias (TSVs), viafirst, via-middle, and via-last, have been analyzed and compared to distribute power in a three-dimensional (3-D) processor-memory system with nine planes. Due to distinct fabrication techniques, these TSV technologies require significantly different design constraints, as investigated in this work. A valid design space that satisfies the peak power supply noise while minimizing area overhead is identified for each technology. It is demonstrated that the area overhead of a power distribution network with via-first TSVs is approximately 9% as compared to less than 2% in via-middle and via-last technologies. Despite this drawback, a via-first based power network is typically overdamped and the issue of resonance is alleviated. A via-last based power network, however, exhibits a relatively low damping factor and the peak noise is highly sensitive to number of TSVs and decoupling capacitance.