AbstractsBiology & Animal Science

Amine-functionalized polymeric hollow fiber sorbents for post-combustion CO2 capture

by Fuyue Li

Institution: Georgia Tech
Department: Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Degree: PhD
Year: 2015
Keywords: Hollow fiber sorbents; amine-functionalization
Record ID: 2061945
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/52991


Polymeric hollow fiber sorbents were functionalized with amine moieties for improving the carbon dioxide sorption capacity from flue gas to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from coal-fired power plants. Three different experimental pathways were studied to form the amine-functionalized hollow fiber sorbents. Aminosilane functionalized cellulose acetate (CA) fibers, polyethyleneimine (PEI) functionalized polyamide-imide (PAI, Torlon®) fibers and PEI post-infused and functionalized Torlon®-silica fibers were formed. CO2 equilibrium sorption capacity data were collected by using the pressure decay sorption cell and thermal gravimetric analyzer. Other physio-chemical properties of the amine-functionalized fiber sorbents were characterized by using fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and scanning electronic microscopy. Different reaction conditions were studied on the effect of sorption isotherms. Aminosilane-CA fibers were the first proof-of-concept for forming the amine functionalized polymer hollow fibers. PEI-PAI fibers were designed as a new method to reach enhanced sorption capacities than Aminosilane-functionalized CA fibers. PEI post-infused and functionalized Torlon®-silica fibers have further enhanced sorption capacity; however they easily degrade with similar reaction for forming PEI-PAI fibers. Lumen-side barrier layers were created successfully via post-treatment technique of using the crosslinked Neoprene® polymer onto PEI-functionalized PAI fibers. PEI-functionalized PAI fibers also have good cyclic stability and low heat of sorption.