AbstractsMedical & Health Science

Hypothermia-induced myocardial calcium overload –a study of intracellular Ca2+ handling during profound hypothermia and rewarming

by Ragnhild Margrete Wold

Institution: Universitetet i Tromsø
Year: 2016
Keywords: VDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Clinical medical disciplines: 750; VDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Klinisk medisinske fag: 750
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2073900
Full text PDF: http://hdl.handle.net/10037/9758


We performed randomized controlled experimental studies in an intact animal model and in isolated cardiac myocytes with the following aims: To establish an in vivo model for measuring cardiac intracellular [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i) in an anesthetized rat with maintained spontaneous circulation. In this model we could sort out if alterations in Ca2+ homeostasis take place in response to hypothermia and rewarming. To investigate myocardial [Ca2+]i during graded hypothermic exposure-time and after rewarming during maintained spontaneous circulation. To describe the Ca2+ homeostasis in subcellular compartments; if mitochondria buffer excessive cytosolic Ca2+ in single beating cardiac myocytes during hypothermia and rewarming. Main results and conclusions: We established an in vivo model for measuring cardiac cell [Ca2+]i which revealed that cardiac Ca2+ overload evolves during long-lasting profound hypothermia, and that the increase in [Ca2+]i remains unchanged during rewarming. In vitro mitochondria buffer cytoplasmic [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]cyt) during hypothermia (0,5 hs). We conclude that prolonged deep hypothermia alters cardiac myocyte Ca2+ handling which may deteriorate mitochondrial function contributing to the post-hypothermic myocardial failure. Advisors/Committee Members: Tveita, Torkjel (advisor).