Online condition monitoring of railway wheelsets

by Arash Amini

Institution: University of Birmingham
Year: 2016
Keywords: QA76 Computer software; TF Railroad engineering and operation
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2129544
Full text PDF: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/6957/


The rail industry has focused on the improvement of maintenance through the effective use of online condition monitoring of rolling stock and rail infrastructure in order to reduce the occurrence of unexpected catastrophic failures and disruption that arises from them to an absolute minimum. The basic components comprising a railway wheelset are the wheels, axle and axle bearings. Detection of wheelset faults in a timely manner increases efficiency as it helps minimise maintenance costs and increase availability. The main aim of this project has been the development of a novel integrated online acoustic emission (AE) and vibration testing technique for the detection of wheel and axle bearing defects as early as possible and well before they result in catastrophic failure and subsequently derailment. The approach employed within this research study has been based on the combined use of accelerometers and high-frequency acoustic emission sensors mounted on the rail or axle box using magnetic hold-downs. Within the framework of this project several experiments have been carried out under laboratory conditions, as well as in the field at the Long Marston Test Track and in Cropredy on the Chiltern Railway line to London.