Healthcare data mining from multi-source data

by Ling Chen

Institution: University of Queensland
Year: 2017
Keywords: Personal health index mining; Health examination records; Classification with label uncertainty; Classification with large unlabeled data; Graph-based semi-supervised learning; 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing; 0806 Information Systems
Posted: 02/01/2018
Record ID: 2160371
Full text PDF: http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:450815


The "big data" challenge is changing the way we acquire, store, analyse, and draw conclusions from data. How we effectively and efficiently "mine" the data from possibly multiple sources and extract useful information is a critical question. Increasing research attention has been drawn to healthcare data mining, with an ultimate goal to improve the quality of care. The human body is complex and so too the data collected in treating it. Data noise that is often introduced via the collection process makes building Data Mining models a challenging task. This thesis focuses on the classification tasks of mining healthcare data, with the goal of improving the effectiveness of health risk prediction. In particular, we developed algorithms to address issues identified from real healthcare data, such as feature extraction, heterogeneity, label uncertainty, and large unlabeled data. The three main contributions of this research are as follows. First, we developed a new health index called Personal Health Index (PHI) that scores a person's health status based on the examination records of a given population. Second, we identified the key characteristics of the real datasets and issues that were associated with the data. Third, we developed classification algorithms to cope with those issues, particularly, the label uncertainty and large unlabeled data issues. This research takes one step forward towards scoring personal health based on mining increasingly large health records. Particularly, it pioneers exploring the mining of GHE data and tackles the associated challenges. It is our anticipation that in the near future, more robust data-mining-based health scoring systems will be available for healthcare professionals to understand people's health status and thus improve the quality of care.