AbstractsComputer Science

Smartphone tools for anaphylaxis management

by Luis Ulises Hernández Muñoz

Institution: University of Birmingham
Department: School of Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering
Year: 2015
Keywords: RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine; T Technology (General)
Record ID: 1390585
Full text PDF: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/5695/


Anaphylaxis is a severe life-threatening allergic condition which is increasing in prevalence and now affects more than 2% of UK children. Anaphylaxis management requires the avoidance of allergen triggers and preparation in readiness for an anaphylactic reaction. People with anaphylaxis and their carers carry Adrenaline Auto-Injectors which need to be administered immediately in the event of an anaphylactic reaction. But, unfortunately, many people often do not know how to use the injectors and fail to use them or fail to use them correctly. This is due in part to deficiencies in training and also to a lack of a system encouraging continuous practice and providing feedback on that practice. Pervasive healthcare research has demonstrated potential in supporting the management of chronic conditions such as diabetes. However, research into assistive technologies for the support of anaphylaxis management has been significantly neglected. Thesis results provide evidence of the potential that smartphone tools have to significantly improve adrenaline injection training skills and a positive influence on self-efficacy. In addition, the results provide insights into possible self-efficacy failings in traditional training and benefits of embedding self-efficacy theory into the design process. The thesis also shows that clinical staff expressed positive feedback after they were provided the technology for one week.