A method for measuring Crank Angle resolved Thrust Loads

by Janakiraman Thiyagarajan

Institution: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Year: 2016
Keywords: Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering; Teknik och teknologier; Maskinteknik
Posted: 02/05/2017
Record ID: 2075346
Full text PDF: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-191490


This thesis report elucidates the experimental and analytical methods of determining the axial thrust loads of a twin scroll turbocharger mounted on a 6-cylinder diesel engine, tested at Scania CV AB, Sodertalje. Literature survey revealed several methods to experimentally determine the thrust loads but the concept of using strain gauges was nally selected. The key objectives of this thesis are to determine an experimental method to measure axial thrust loads, develop an analytical model to predict axial loads and to perform a root cause analysis. It was noted that axial load peaks are of immense interest here than the average values of the axial loads. The method adopted to measure axial loads consists of a weakened bearing that was capable of withstanding an estimated axial load and at the same time undergo strains that could be sensed by strain gauges. The test operating points consisted of a series of engine speeds and loads. Root cause analysis results suggested that there was a minimal drift of 0.25 N force per 10 degree rise in temperature on the bearings. Also, the main reason for the drift in strain gauge measurements was the plastic deformation of the axial bearing that experienced higher axial loads due to transient testing. A 1D model based on the Control Volume approach including both the pressure and impulse contributions predicting the thrust loads was modelled. The factored axial force measurements during most of the operating conditions were negative (forces acting from the turbine towards the compressor) with the highest value recorded as -90 N at 1400 rpm and 80 % engine load. The highest factored axial force (negative) predicted by the model during the same operating point was -100 N. The di erence between the predicted and measured max load varied between 10 % to 15% among all the operating conditions considered for correlation. It could be concluded that the experimental method established could be used to measure axial loads. Further, future work in terms of non-invasive measurements, CFD methods and usage of fast pressure sensors on compressor side to predict transient conditions would improve the current method. ; Denna avhandling rapport belyser de experimentella och analytiska metoder for att bestamma de axiella tryckbelastningar av en Twin Scroll turboaggregat monterat paen 6-cylindrig dieselmotor, testas vid Scania CV AB, Sodertalje. Litteraturstudie visade era metoder for att experimentellt bestamma axialbelastningar men begreppet att anvanda tradtojningsgivare slutligen valts. De viktigaste mlen for denna avhandling ar att bestamma en experimentell metod for att mata axiella tryckbelastningar, utveckla en analytisk modell for att forutsaga axialbelastningar och utfora en orsaksanalys. Det konstaterades att de axiella belastningstoppar ar av stort intresse har an…